Pros And Cons Of Urbanization- The Ultimate Guide

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The pros and cons of urbanization is a crucial issue for debate for geographers today. Why? Because urbanization is expanding day by day, ruining the natural landscape.

Some people are in favor of urbanization,i.e., they support it because they see its essential benefits. Some people stand against it and weigh the cons of urbanization more than its pros. But what is its most frequent pros and cons is still a question. 

Therefore, today, we bring you the most authentic pros and cons of urbanization, which will answer your every question regarding the issue.

16 Authentic Pros And Cons Of Urbanization

Let’s look at the brighter side of urbanization in the form of the following benefits.

1. Pros And Cons Of Urbanization- Cities are Efficient

The most coveted pro among the pros and cons of urbanization is that the cities become better in providing its residents. The cities attain high standards of lifestyle and become a hub for trendsetting. Less effort is needed to supply basic amenities such as freshwater and electricity.

Research and recycling programs are possible only in cities; therefore, cities work rigorously on the process of recycling things. 

2. Pros And Cons Of Urbanization- Convenience

Access to education, health, social services, and cultural activities is more readily available to people in cities than in villages. Life in cities is much more comfortable, compared to living in villages.

Cities are more advanced in communication; therefore, you won’t have to worry about no internet signals! That’s one great pro of urbanization for you as, without the internet, our lives will practically STOP!

advantages and disadvantages of urbanization
Easy Access To Public Amenities Is The Biggest Pro Of Urbanization

3. Pros And Cons Of Urbanization- Security

The most significant benefit of urbanization among its pros and cons can be security. Cities have police patrolling twenty-four hours a day.

Aside from that, there are CCTV cameras all over the city, which makes it easier to catch criminals and solve crimes. The 911 speed dial also assists in faster response rate from the police force, which is essential during emergency cases. Due to low population density in rural areas, the village folks are exposed to a lot of risks.


4. Concentration Of Natural Resources

The centralization of natural resources is perhaps the most significant advantage among the pros and cons of urbanization. Why? Because a lot of resources are available in and around cities. Facilities to exploit these resources optimally also exist only in cities. 

urbanization pros and cons
Concentration Of Natural Resources Around A Community Is Beneficial

5. Better Education System

As discussed above, public amenities are more readily available and efficient in the cities. Due to urbanization, the education system and its facilities have become more excellent and reliable. The education system in cities is better with more skilled teachers and excellent facilities.

Village schools are usually understaffed because few teachers are willing to take their skills to the villages. Also, a variety of educational choices are available, offering students a wide selection for their future careers.

6. Career And Business Opportunities

No one can deny the significance of this advantage over the remaining pros when one analyzes the pros and cons of urbanization. It is a fact that the city has a wide selection of career choices and business opportunities. This is the main reason why most people are abandoning villages in favor of cities.

The city is a bubbling hub of commercial activities. There is so much more money in circulation in cities than in villages. This increases the prospects of prosperity. There are many career opportunities for both skilled and unskilled people.

urbanization pros and cons
Growth Opportunities Is The Biggest Pro Of Urbanization

7. Pros And Cons Of Urbanization- Better Health Care

We also cannot neglect the benefit of better health care among the pros and cons of urbanization. Why? Because the response rate of medical teams during emergencies is faster due to excellent communication and transport infrastructure.

pros and cons of urbanization
Better Healthcare Is A Great Outcome Of Urbanization

8. More Entertainment Outlets

Another significant advantage of urbanization among its pros and cons is that it provides more venues for entertainment and recreation. The city life is always busy with entertainment spots, during the day and at night. Entertainment venues; such as nightclubs, cinemas, coffee shops, and fast-food restaurants make life more fulfilling and fun.

There also recreational facilities, such as museums, parks, and zoos, where people go to relax and enjoy. 

8 Cons of Urbanization You Might Overlook

So after seeing the enticing pros of urbanization, let’s shed some light on the cons of urbanization:

1. Pros And Cons Of Urbanization – Poor Living Conditions

There is increasing competition for facilities in urban areas, which results in several adverse effects. Farmers who move to cities in search of better occupational opportunities end up as casual laborers. This leads to one menacing problem of urbanization, i.e., the growth of slums.

Slums are urban areas that are densely populated with substandard housing and deplorable living conditions. These result in several problems.

  • Land insecurity – Slums are usually located on land, not owned by the slum dwellers. They can be evicted at any time by the landowners.
  • Poor living conditions – Crowding and lack of sanitation. This often contributes to the outbreak of diseases. Utilities such as water, electricity, and sewage disposal are also lacking in these areas.
  • Unemployment – Since the number of people aspiring for jobs is more than jobs available, unemployment is a natural outcome of the situation.
  • Crime – Slum conditions make maintenance of law and order difficult. Patrolling of slums is often not on the priority list of law enforcing officers. Unemployment and poverty force people to engage in anti-social activities. Slums, therefore, often become a breeding ground for criminal activities.

2. Inadequate Waste Management

There are a lot of pros which urbanization brings with itself, but the dis-benefit of failed waste management is the biggest con among the pros and cons of urbanization.

So what does solid waste management means actually? Waste management means the proper collection, transfer, recycling, and disposal of all the solid material we throw away. It includes per and cardboard, food wastes, electrical waste, etc. It also includes industrial, hospital, and institutional wastes that often contain pathogens as well as hazardous and toxic chemicals, which need special care.

Therefore, the waste keeps piling up because there is no proper system of collecting and recycling it. 

advantages and disadvantages of urbanization
Urbanization Destroys The Waste Management System

3. Air Quality Becomes Poor

Urbanization has an adverse effect on the environment, with poor air quality topping the list of pros and cons of urbanization. Air quality in towns and cities is substandard because of: 

  • Vehicle exhausts
  • Smoke from domestic fires
  • Outputs from factory chimneys
  • Diesel-powered generators
  • Dust from construction works and city streets.

Poor air quality has a significant impact on the health of many urban residents and leaves damaging layers of dust on plants, buildings, and other surfaces. Also, the smog in cities has gone double the last years due to poor air quality.

4. Deteriorating Food Supply

The most alarming disadvantage among the pros and cons of urbanization is the depleting food resources and supplies. Why? Because As people migrate to the cities, they use purchased food instead of their crops. This makes them more vulnerable to changes in food prices.

As the population grows and the demand for water and land increases, it becomes difficult to increase food production sustainability. The growth in the public market, combined with a loss of agricultural land, means more pressure on rural people to produce food.

Furthermore, pollution from urban areas can disrupt the food supply. For example, fisheries are often damaged by domestic, municipal wastes and liquid effluents from city-based industries.

pros and cons of urbanization
Depleting Food Supply Is Also A Vice Of Urbanization

5. Unstable Economic And Social Systems

The increasing urbanization stresses the already unstable economic and social systems of the cities. The financial system comes under burden because there is no room for creating new jobs and other avenues for development. 

The social system also comes under stress when it:

  • Fails to attain a reliable infrastructure
  • the health resources deplete
  • overcrowded housing and poor living conditions incur a trend of crime and violence
  • Drug abuse and street crime become common. 

6. Lack Of Open And Green Spaces

As urbanization adversely affects the environment, it is apparent that it wipes out all the green spaces in the areas. This is one more detrimental con among the pros and cons of urbanization.

There are very few or even totally missing green spaces that a person could use to do some physical activity like walking. Parks and other open spaces provide the opportunity for the inhabitants to practice health-promoting exercises, which in the rural areas can be done in abundance. 

7. No Sense Of Community

Urban areas are very individualistic, and therefore, there is no sense of community among them. People are all concentrated on their own affairs, paying little or no attention to their friends and neighbors.

The sense of community is crucial and prevents a lot of problems that society might face. But, due to urbanization, the community scenario is starkly absent in cities and towns. 

8. Lack Of Privacy

The last con among the pros and cons of urbanization is that it brings along a lack of privacy. Why? Because there is little space in the urban setting. Also, people have to live there, so they can’t help it.

Privacy is very easy to have in rural settings, but urban living severely cramps this possibility. The buildings are close together, and living in flats is a standard option, which means that one is always surrounded by other people, which will always lead to a reduction of privacy significantly.

FAQ – Frequently Asked Question On Pros And Cons Of Urbanization

What Are the Negatives of Urbanization?

Urbanization has an adverse effect on health primarily due to contamination and congested and overcrowded living circumstances. It will be able to also place the added pressure on the system of the food supply. The difficulties of urban living could lead to crime or juvenile delinquency and other effects of social scarcity.

What Are the Positives of Urbanization?

Some of the positive consequences of urban development, therefore, consist of better transport and communication, technological and infrastructural improvements, quality education and health care facilities, the creation of job opportunities, and improved standards of living.

Why Is Urbanization So Important?

The expansion of urbanization results in the growth of the global economy and provides a rising level of industrialization. The industrialization of a nation also has a significant role in leading to changes in urban populace numbers.

Is Urbanization A Good or Bad Thing?

Rigorous urban growth could lead to more poverty, with the local authorities unable to provide the services for all citizens. Concentrated energy consumption leads to more air pollution with a significant effect on people’s health. Emissions from motor vehicles produce high lead levels in the urban air. 


After reading these pros and cons of urbanization, what do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of urbanization? What are your thoughts about this whole process? 

Let us know in the comments section below.

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